Poetry is a unique genre to write because of its many types and differences. There are many forms of poetry. Here are two very common ones:
A limerick is usually a poem that is silly. All of the lines in a limerick must rhyme and have a rhythm. It has five lines, following this pattern:
First line: 7-10 syllables
Second line: 7-10 syllables
Third line: 5-7 syllables
Fourth line: 5-7 syllables
Fifth line: 7-10 syllables
A haiku is a Japanese form of poetry. Like the limerick, the haiku has a set amount of syllables in each line. There are only three lines, however, in a haiku.
First line: 5 syllables
Second line: 7 syllables
Third line: 5 syllables
A rhyming poem is, well, a poem that has some sort of rhyming. There are many different rhyme schemes. Here are some examples (where the common letter means the sentence ends with a word rhyming with the other sentence of the same letter):
AABB, AAAB, ABAB, ABBA
A great thing to add, in general, for all poems is some figurative language. Please check out the Figures of Speech page on our website to learn about it.
In addition, Poetry can be put to music to create songs an raps. Music helps to straighten the rhythm and/or rhyme in the poems.